REVISED: Our ancient white Solutrean ancestors in America and around the world

Revised: See WW~Addendum below.

WW~Notes: Lets be open-minded and forget that John de Nugent is a “white nationalist.”  Take in this extraordinary evidence based on archeology and scientific facts from the academics.  My few dispersed comments are in green.

An Ice Age map of 30,000 to 10,000 BC, showing huge areas of white for the ice. An emigration took place around 20,000 BC of the White, European Solutreans — the true Native Americans — over from Europe to an empty North America along the ice shelf that covered the northern Atlantic Ocean for many months each year during the Glacial Maximum period. This was the worst and coldest period of the Ice Age…. It was possible to hunt (SPEAR-FISH) along the ice shelf and then pull the boats up at night, flipping two together to make lean-to’s with furs over them and under them (on top of the ice), in order therein to cook, relax and sleep. The Eskimos did this lifestyle until just 100 years ago. WHITE PEOPLE originally ARE JUST PALE ESKIMOS. ;-)

Kudos from a top researcher in an email sent to me as well:

This is John de Nugent’s excellent Solutrean webpage,, which contains updated information on the white provenance of the ancient Americas. We were here first and John summarizes the evidence as you will find it nowhere else, and complete with excellent graphics.

He has just added [see end, JdN] Chapter IV of To The American Indian; Reminiscences of a Yurok Woman by Lucy Thompson (1916) which was recently transcribed by Ed Arlt and which I sent out last week.

This site is the best you will find on this subject matter that has been compiled by a white nationalist, and it has no apologies to the politically correct. It is well worth checking occasionally for updates. They don’t come any better than this.

Who were the ancient Solutreans?

They were a race of men like you, women like you, and children like you.

These were the intrepid Solutreans of the Ice Age. And their blood flows in your veins.

I am celebrating a new book too. Across Atlantic Ice came out in 2012, the story of how our white ancestors crossed the storm-tossed Atlantic in the Ice Age. I and others have waited for four long years for this often-delayed book to be published.

In fact, I delayed starting my own pro-white movement partly for this reason, that I was waiting for this book. After all, the name of the movement I intend to establish, worldwide, is THE ETERNAL SOLUTREANS.

In a nutshell, whites from Ice Age France, the Solutreans, named after Solutré in France, came here first, to North America, around 20,000 BC, not way later in the “ADs” with, as the saying went, ….”Columbus sailing the ocean blue in 14 hundred and 92.”

Solutré is 30,000 years old, a perfect hunting spot for our Cro-magnon ancestors, now found in Burgundy in France. Most of Europe was then under glaciers.

And it was the American Indians who came way later, ten thousand years later, around 10,000 BC, crossing over from Siberia into Alaska and then down through Canada to what is now the USA. It was those American Indians from Asia, a merciless, slant-eyed people related to the Mongols, a race given to horrific tortures and genocides, who killed them off, just as the Asiatic Indians did horrific tortures to American pioneers in the 1600s, 1700s and 1800s, and Asians committed indescribable atrocities to white soldiers, sailors and marines during WWII in the Pacific, during the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

This book, published by a small family press in Apollo, Pennsylvania, dares state what the Indians were like both to each other and to pitiful white captives — cannibals and torturers for days on end, with women and children joining in. The purpose of tribal war was to capture and torture for sheer pleasure. One can only shudder after forcing oneself to read it, but afterward one understands the enraged white expression: “the only good Indian is a dead Indian.” No major ( = jew-owned) publishing house would touch this book by a distinguished former trial lawyer, who had accumulated massive evidence from British, French and American sources of how the Indians acted.

My late father, James Waddell Nugent, a Marine sergeant and then captain, was so traumatized by what he saw in two wars against Asians that he had to consult a Navy psychiatrist for six months after Korea to try to alleviate his nightmares.

My father and I around 1990 outside his villa on Vero Beach, Florida.

The Amerindians from Asia unfortunately prevailed over our kinfolk, the Solutreans in North America, who had immensely superior technology, but only by sheer weight of numbers. Man for man, then, as now…..our people were immensely more advanced in technology, and our women incomparably more beautiful.

Spearpoints of flint from Solutré, around 20,000 BC. Flint is sharper than a modern scalpel after a 20-minute “knapping” process which our Solutrean ancestors invented. This new razor sharpness made our blades able to bring down woolly mammoths and wild horses during the Ice Age. (The neanderthals had basically found sharp rocks and attached them to spears with a split at the end to hold the rock.)

The Clovis-culture weapons of 10,000 BC (first found in Clovis. New Mexico, with the largest site being the Gault site near Austin, Texas) showed how the Solutrean weapons technology had evolved over ten millennia in North America while looking similar. (Amerindian weapons consisted of horn or antler with micro-blades of flint jammed in the sides, like “teeth” on a saw.) The Solutreans also invented the sewing needle and cave painting.

Today, the IQ of Amerindians is the same as that of American blacks, about 75. The average white IQ is 100, and our race has produced many geniuses far beyond that, with IQs in the 140s or 160s. In ten thousand years after the Amerindians genocided almost all of the original white Solutreans in North America, after wiping out the spark of civilization and invention that we represented, they never invented a written language, never even invented the WHEEL, or learned to hoist a sail to help their canoes plow through ten thousand years of windy waters, and they never found any use for the metals in which North America abounds, such as copper and iron. They just stared at them as a buffalo stares at a star. The red man talks slow not because he is wise, but because he is dull. And he won by brutality and sheer quantity.

Two Amerindian “braves” paddle off with two miserable white female captives. They never invented the sail, nor did the black Africans.

The enemy of truth has a big problem with the issue of the Solutrean whites being here first and then the red man genociding him, for the whole story is didactic and instructive for white people today. It is the story of the first whites to build a great culture, and how they were crushed and died in slavery and agony after they became a minority in their own country.

In 1998 the Discovery Channel, working with the prestigious Channel Four in Britain, broadcast the shocking documentary “Homicide in Kennewick,“ (now no longer sold, even as a DVD, but I have a copy…..) about how a white skeleton from 7000 BC was discovered in the town of Kennewick in Washington State, on the shores of the beautiful Columbia River, our Columbia River on our white continent that we whites first settled.  (Thankfully, I watched this documentary and wish now I’d recorded it.  WW~)

He had been murdered by Indians, dying of infection three weeks after he was shot from behind with a primitive Indian arrow.

A reconstruction of the face by anthropologist James Chatters, who wrote this book….

..shows he resembled the Royal Shakespeare actor Patrick Stewart, famous for playing Captain Lean-Luc Picard on the 1990s science-fiction series “Star Trek: the Next Generation.”

President Bill Clinton had the US Army Corps of Engineers dump tons of gravel all over the site and planted saplings so the roots would, by growing, destroy the rest. A federal judge ordered the remains of Kennewick Man turned over to Indians for secret burial and destruction. A heroic scientist, James Chatters, ironically then married to an Indian, fought tooth and nail so that today the bones of our white brother are kept in a museum near Seattle, but they cannot be examined further. And his Indian wife divorced him.

In 2003 a further Discovery Channel documentary, again in collaboration with Channel Four in England, was broadcast, “Ice Age Columbus.”  (I also watched this documentary.  WW~)

It fully fleshed out the story of Solutrean hunting weapons being found in North America and offered not just interviews with scientists but also a docudrama of a clan of Solutreans who, driven by desperation and starvation during the worst period of the Ice Age, set out to sea and crossed the Atlantic to the America, spear hunting along an ice shelf that stretched from France to New England.

In 2010 the Discovery Channel did a third documentary, but this time reversed course dramatically, It was a hit piece called “Hitler’s Mummies,“ saying that only Nazis and white supremacists believed in such unproven things as whites being the first Native Americans.

The documentary also interviewed me, and of the four hours of interview, all hostile, with four non-whites surrounding me, and frankly I am proud and glad I was armed and showed it in the documentary, they used a microscopic four MINUTES…..

and then cut even that down in the online version to a mere two minutes…… (Scroll down halfway to “Armed white activist”) by CUTTING OUT SCENES WITH A CHRISTMAS TREE, CUTE DOGS, ET CETERA, I.E. ANYTHING REMOTELY POSITIVE)

Yes, 120 seconds [were used] out of 240 minutes that I kindly let them into my house. I resolved after that to only do live TV shows where they cannot edit my words.

You must see, on YouTube, “Ice Age Columbus,” and you must buy and read “Across Atlantic Ice.” it is by the former chairman of the department of anthropology at the revered Smithsonian in Washington, DC, and by the number-one expert on Stone Age European weapons in the world.

Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian ( and Bruce Bradley, of the University of Exeter in England ( Under evident jew pressure, Stanford issued a kind of denial that he supported my views ( — and note the many photos in this blog hacked out) but he has certainly redeemed his honor fully and regained his high level of courage — going back for two decades of fiery controversy — by writing and publishing this heroic book defending the truth he and Bradley discovered: WHITES WERE HERE FIRST.

James Adovasio, the longtime chairman of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh, got crucified way back in the 1970s for discovering non-Indian relics underneath layers of Indian debris at Meadowcroft Rockshelter southwest of Pittsburgh. He was called the worst thing possible in science, a fraud and inventor of false evidence, by the lackeys of the jew academic system. He is now the head of anthropology and provost at Marymount College in Erie, Pennsylvania.

Adovasio, a fiery Italian-American from Youngstown, Ohio, home of rebel congressman James Traficant, fired back in this tome with both barrels at his vicious and defamatory critics. His reputation had been spotless and superb before he became politically incorrect.

I did a short video, with the director eying me suspiciously ;-), in the summer of 2010 at the same location as Adovasio, the Meadowcroft Rockshelter. For lack of funding support by you, the reader, it has never been published, nor have three God videos that were filmed in October and November 2011, and this despite rave reviews of the God videos that HAVE come out.

What happened to the rest of the Solutreans, those who did not cross over to North America in the Ice Age, build a civilization and then get wiped out by the Indians?

The rest of them became the white race of today. We are the Solutreans. We survived the great die-off of the Glacial Maximum. We descend from the tough men and women who survived a climate holocaust.

Zia, the chieftain’s daughter in “Ice Age Columbus,” rows through the stormy Atlantic.

She and her brother and boyfriend encounter “exiles,” that is, psychopaths among the Solutreans who had been expelled from their other clans. Unfortunately, by banding together out in the woods, and even becoming highwaymen, lone criminals were able to survive // and even breed by abducting women. This is part of the genetic origin of the Apiru[see addendum at the bottom-WW~], who became the Hebrews and today’s jews.(?)(WW~)

An exile demands to take their boat.

And we must honor and remember our kin who died a horrible death when the non-white invaders to America overwhelmed a kind, wise, intelligent and noble people. In fact, many Amerindians remembered them fondly — and their age as a golden age.

The Incas told Pizarro categorically they had NOT built Macchu Picchu, but an earlier race did, the Viracocha people, “blonder than you.”

The Anasazi built an advanced civilization a thousand years ago throughout the American West. Then their Indian subjects rose up, overthrew and massacred them with mind-bending tortures and cannibalism. I called two chief scientists on the Anasazi project, who dared only mumble that the Anasazi were “definitely of a different ethnic group” from the Amerindians who butchered them. (See my addendum to this story after the transcript of this radio segment is completed, which reproduces the Anasazi blog I did last year.)

A greathouse by the Anasazi, white Solutreans living in America just 1000 years ago — so advanced the jealous Indians (Navajo types) horrifically slaughtered them, whereupon they relapsed back into barbarism.

Puma Punku in Bolivia, investigated by Louis Beam and Terry Long of Canada. Indians did these crosses?????

A Peruvian Indian with Terry Long and Louis Beam. Which race do you think built Puma Punku?

Santayana famously said “Those who forget the lessons of history are condemned to repeat them.” A wag replied: “the only thing we learn from history is that no one learns from history.“ ;-)

The Eternal Solutrean movement to come must learn from the soaring glories and the abysmal grief of our long history as a race.

This is John de Nugent, saluting the ancient Solutreans in both Europe and America for Save White

=================ON THE ANASAZI

I am really proud of my own investigative work on the phone on this issue back in December 2010. I called those scientists involved as soon as I read that the Anasazi were “of a different ethnic group.”


I did a radio show with Clay Douglas on this explosive topic of white genocide by Indians on December 17th:

Here is what the initial report from October 2010 online said:

* * *

Crushed leg bones, battered skulls and other mutilated human remains are likely all that’s left of a Native American population [sic] destroyed by genocide that took place circa 800 A.D., suggests a new study.

The paper, accepted for publication in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, describes the single largest deposit to date of mutilated and processed human remains in the American Southwest.

* * *

JdN: Here is that report!!

The entire assemblage comprises 14,882 human skeletal fragments, as well as the mutilated remains of dogs and other animals killed at the massacre site –– Sacred Ridge, southwest of Durango, Colo.

Based on the archaeological findings, which include two-headed axes that tested positive for human blood, co-authors Jason Chuipka and James Potter believe the genocide occurred as a result of conflict between different Anasazi Ancestral Puebloan ethnic groups.

“It was entirely an inside job,” Chuipka, an archaeologist with Woods Canyon Archaeological Consultants, told Discovery News.

“The type of event at Sacred Ridge is on the far end of the conflict spectrum where social relations completely melt down,” he added, mentioning that the Sacred Ridge “occupants were targeted to take the blame.”

Chuipka and Potter analyzed objects excavated at Sacred Ridge, which was a multiple habitation site of 22 pit structures, some of which may have operated as communal ritual facilities for a population that extended beyond the immediate site inhabitants. This suggests the residents at one point exerted some social control in the area.

The unearthed bones and artifacts indicate that when the violence took place, men, women and children were tortured, disemboweled, killed and often hacked to bits.  In some cases, heads, hands and feet appear to have been removed as trophies for the killers. The attackers then removed belongings out of the structures and set the roofs on fire.

“I think that the major event was preceded by social stress within the community that may have been exacerbated by a period of drought,” Chuipka said. “The scale of the mutilations suggests that it was planned and organized in the preceding days or weeks, and that the violence took place in a relatively short period of time –– a few days.”

“All evidence points to a rapid event, which is only possible with coordination and complicity within the community,” he added.

The researchers ruled out other possible explanations, such as starvation, cannibalism, traditional preparation of the deceased, and even individuals targeted for practicing witchcraft. Cannibalism, for example, usually involves bone marrow processing. Witch roundups tend to affect a relatively small number of victims.

In this case, a large group of people was dispatched at one time.

For a separate study, John McClelland, lab manager of Osteology at Arizona State Museum, analyzed teeth from human remains within the Ridges Basin region, including Sacred Ridge.

He found that the population at Sacred Ridge in the early 800s was distinct from others in the area.

“The individuals at Sacred Ridge whose remains were disarticulated and processed were not a random selection from among the overall population of Ridges Basin,” McClelland determined.

“In addition to the biological differences,

[JdN: biological = racial]

they appear to have had a somewhat different diet and may have experienced a higher level of juvenile growth disruption.”

At least two other separate studies have come to similar conclusions, suggesting the genocide victims at Sacred Ridge belonged to an ethnic group that was different from that of other nearby populations.

Given basic established patterns from more recent ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia, Iraq and Rwanda, the researchers think political structures that had been keeping ethnic conflict at bay probably broke down at Sacred Ridge.

“What we can learn from Sacred Ridge is that archaeological sites are not simply piles of rock and refuse, but that they were occupied by people that were involved in complex webs of social relations,” Chuipka said. “Sacred Ridge is a case where social relations melted down and the solution chosen was absolute and shocking.”

I spoke by telephone to a key anthropologist, THE key man, the lead scientist who investigated the Anasazi holocaust in AD 800, which, as John Tiffany’s sidebar in the latest TBR shows, consisted of the advanced Anasazi people being tortured, genocided, butchered like animals and then eaten by the Asiatic Navajo.

Introducing myself by phone to him as an anthropology writer named “John Nugent” (no “de” — “John de Nugent” can be search-engined), I started a tactful, careful conversation with this individual, circling around to the question of WHO racially the victims of the massacre were…..

He was very careful in how he expressed himself……

He had read Thor Heyerdahl’s American Indians in the Pacific…..

….knew all about Jim Chatters and Kennewick Man….

….but had NEVER HEARD, he said, of the skeletons of the 178 white people from 5,000 BC in Florida, called the Windover Bog people ! (See this GREAT article in The Barnes Review! Windover and my blog here, scrolling down two-thirds

Look from the time from 6:20 to the end of this video!

At 6 minutes and 30 seconds into the above video clip, as scientists talks about pre-historic DNA found in North America.

It is false to say that the Solutreans were not ethnically European. On the Science Channel, Dr. Joseph Lorenz of the Coriell Institute for Medical Research conducted DNA tests on the 5,000 year old bodies that were found in the Windover Bog excavation site in Florida. As was said in this program:

Dr. Lorenz: When I sequenced larger fragments and I was looking for the sites that I know are characteristic of Native American haplogroups, I was surprised because I did not find them.

Narrator: In contrast to all previous findings, Lorenz could not confirm the Windover people were Americans. Further investigation reveals something even more remarkable.

Dr. Lorenz: I went back to the screen and I looked at the sequences again, and the first person’s DNA looked European. When I looked at the second one, it looked European. When I looked at the third, fourth, and fifth, they were slightly different from the first two, but they looked European.

….and he was unaware of the magnificent new book by Gordon Kennedy, about the Canary Island blonds (scroll down one-third here)


Recently I discovered that this marvelous little glossy, full-color book by Gordon Kennedy can be ordered here:

It is about the Guanches, a nobel, courageous, handsome, virtuous, innovative, blond, blue-eyed people who survived until the 1400s intact and still living in the Stone Age. (Why? There was literally ONLY stone on the islands, made entirely of volcanic magma that had cooled. There was literally NO metal AT ALL on those islands, so it was quite impossible to enter the Bronze or Iron Ages, or create metal weapons, shields and body armor so as to defeat the invading Spanish. Also, they were isolated out in the ocean with no external enemies. This is the only reason they did not advance in the art of warfare.)

Here is a picture of one of the incredibly beautiful Canary Islands. (When I lived in Germany and Austria I found out that one of the number-one favorite tourist vacations they take is to the Canary Islands.)

Tenerife and Mount Teide. A powerful ocean current, the Canary Current, sweeps boats straight over to the Caribbean. In the 1700s, somehow, a sailing ship got blown out of the harbor, minus its embarrassed crew, and ended up safe and sound in Venezuela. “Nivaria” is Latin for “snowy land,” due to Mount Teide. “Nevada” in the United States is Spanish for “snowy land,” due to its snow-capped high mountains.

…but what he DID say was this……

The identity of the Anasazi murdered at Sacred Ridge, Colorado was

“ethnically and politically sensitive”…..

“Their teeth and other features showed they were ethnically a different people.”

[Nota bene: in current parlance, where “race” is deemed a “fraudulent construct,” to express the concept of race in academia, the euphemism “ethnic” is used. The word “racial” is out for these timid and bullied, intellectual, professor types. And remember that their funding comes, directly or indirectly, from the feds or federally funded local or state institutions or universities.]

“It took lots of negotiations with the Navajo before they gave us permission to dig….Any DNA testing is viewed as destruction of their ancestors.”

[“is viewed” is incorrect. The Navajo know that examining the DNA from one of the 14,000 bone fragments they caused by massacring the Anasazi is no “destruction” of the souls of any ancestors, and that the Anasazi were NOT their ancestors. The scientist told me, however, that the Navajo were less able to block DNA analysis of “coprolites” (latrine waste) and “human hair.” Well, that would be nice, if the Navajo would not designate even the feces of their tortured, disembowled and eaten murder victims — who on top of it are ETHNICALLY DIFFERENT — as holy and sacred too. :-)]

I gave this scholar, by my way of indirectly asking my questions, the clear understanding that I understood his situation, and that I sympathized with him, and also with Jim Chatters, and Stanford and Bradley…..and on that basis he clearly hinted that ….the Anasazi were not exactly Indios or at least not pure Indios.

I said that (anthropologist Jim) Chatters saw right away that Kennewick Man was white just by the skull, before any DNA testing, and the Anasazi investigator said:

“This gets into very sensitive areas.”

Then HE brought up the Hispanic political movement.

My conclusion:

Mongolids at Sacred Ridge, Colorado destroyed a magnificent Aryan civilization in AD 800, and ate its creators.

The very morning of my radio show with Clay Douglas the Osteologist (bone scientist) with the project, Dr James McClelland — whose email signature says he is the “NAGPRA coordinator”, hmmmm, the very guy in charge of giving white Solutrean skeletons to the Amerindians for quick burial and thus the destruction of the evidence — – sent me an email claiming the Anasazi were Indians. He sent this DURING my radio show with Clay Douglas. (But this contradicted what the lead archeologist kept implying to me by saying the whole thing was “ethnically and politically sensitive” and there were “biological differences” between the murders and the murder-ees.)

(This also could mean there was a part-white upper caste ruling over a resentful all-indio lower caste….just as the Indo-Aryan whites in ancient India, by the time of the Buddha, around 500 BC, had black hair, although the Buddha, Prince Gautama, himself had striking deep-blue eyes. The chronics noted that “although 50 he still had black hair”…. The Anasazi may also have been somewhat mixed at that time, around AD 800, yet still visibly distinct from the Indio lower caste that rose up, tortured, murdered and ate them. The October 2010 articles online refer to how their destruction was an inside job….)

Then I got an email response from the chief accountant at the Ariziona State Museum, saying that 40% of the museum’s $5 mil annual budget came from federal funds…Hmmmmmm.)

Then I got several emails from a comrade, one of us, who heard about me after my Discovery Channel appearance in February 24, 2010 (that broadcast date being the exact 90th anniversary of the day Hitler started the NSDAP in Munich, by the sheerest of coincidences…..and the episode was entitled “Hitler’s Mummies”….)

Here is the whole unbelievably lying piece, which starts with Heinrich Himmler having a chair made out of a human pelvis…..(one of the most forgotten and discredited defamations ever that was belched forth at the 1946 Nuremberg War Crimes [show] Trials

The segment that was carefully edited to defame ME (and yet among the non-brain-dead it caused views of my website to double and then stay up, and I still get Pennsylvanians recognizing me on the street and in bars and restaurants, even by my voice alone, over this show):

Mike is now living in eastern Pennsylvania but earlier in Arizona, and said there are Easter-Island-type rock face carvings of human faces and every one looks like a long-faced Viking. (Think how Indians usually look, with short, round skulls.) He wrote me that he had numerous important pictures on his laptop but that they all were destroyed on his trip back east…..Hmmm.

Mike said that “every butte out West has such faces on it.” However, “they show the effects of a thousand years or more of weathering.”….

He also says that the Indians sheered off some human faces…..clean, smooth slice-offs of rock where he thinks white faces had been carved….

Why do I think the Anasazi were white or their ancestors were pure white?

Because Asians never invent on their own any civilization like this:

The “great house” which I showed above, built by the Anasazi, (word used by the hostile Navajos that means “ancient enemies”)


Everything grand in the Americas, as Thor Heyerdahl’s epochal American Indians in the Pacific showed, was originally built by whites, then Indios, after prospering under white rule and multiplying, overthrew them and everything became primitive again.

Indian tribes never invented the wheel, written language, the sail, soap, or the use of metals (even in a continent brimming with iron, copper, gold, aluminum and lead).

The Caral culture of Peru (the culture is called in English “Norte Chico” and in Spanish “Caral” (after a main city of that culture inland). It flourished between 3,000 and 1,800 BC and has revealed no evidence of warfare whatsoever — no weapons, defensive walls or bashed-in skulls. (

Diagram of the Layout of Caral


Caral, Peru, lit by torch at night

The blond mummies below, to be seen in the National Museum of Anthropology and Archeology in Lima, Peru, were of the Viracocha, who, the Incas told Pizarro, had founded their civilization. The Incas themselves had white skin, unlike their subjects. The pathetic Jew Olly Steeds had the infantile and ideological cheek to protest to me: “Their hair is not blond; it’s brown!” — as if all whites were blond! And besides, the hair is clearly blondish or very light-brown.

Olly Steeds, the bisexual Jew and politically correct archeology commissar with the protruding homo neanderthalensis bucccality.

Blond man being human-sacrificed at the Temple of the Warrior (“chichen Itza”) a Mayan temple in the Yucatan of Mexico, built around 700 AD.

The Moche temple near the Peruvian coast, the Temple of the Sun and Moon. This architecture was made at the time of the pyramids then being built in Egypt, and reflects arid, sunny, Mediterranean-type weather, stone building materials and other things far from green, cold, rainy northern Europe. Also, conquering peoples often use the trappings of power to establish that they are the new bosses of the already existing state, just as the Jews after the 1933 takeover have continued to display the bald eagle, the American flag and the words “US government’ even though there was a total change of regime in that year. The crypto-Jew Lyndon Johnson also “acted” Texan constantly. The new lords always embrace the local customs to some extent so as to not overly rile the subject population.

the grave of Sipan

How does the Moche ruler (whose golden mask, called now “The Joy of Sipan,” was found in this grave) end up with eyes this color if this culture was Amerindian?


The story of the Chachapoyas of Peru, who resisted the Incas to the end….According to Wikipedia, this was yet another blond, white-skinned, and very brave people who had to flee to the mountains after the Indios wiped out their villages. Read the insipid remarks in this article here:

The chronicler Pedro Cieza de León offers some picturesque notes about the Chachapoyas:

They are the whitest and most handsome of all the people that I have seen in Indies, and their wives were so beautiful that because of their gentleness, many of them deserved to be the Incas’ wives and to also be taken to the Sun Temple.

Origin of the Chachapoyas

Accounts such as that of Cieza de León indicate that the Chachapoyas had lighter skin than other South American peoples and blond hair. This poses an enduring mystery for scholars of the region as to their ultimate origin.

[JdN: Try an origin in EUROPE, scholarly idiots! ;-)

And the Spanish began destroying them, as

NON-CATHOLICS, just as they did with the Canary Island

blond people…]

By 1547, a large faction of Spanish soldiers arrived in the city of Chachapoyas, effectively ending the Chachapoyas’ independence. Residents were relocated to Spanish-style towns, often with members of several different ayllu occupying the same settlement. Disease, poverty, and attrition led to severe decreases in population; by some accounts the population of the Chachapoyas region decreased by 90% over the course of 200 years after the arrival of the Spanish.

Ruins of one of the cities of these Chachapoyan “cloud warriors,” who retreated to the high Andean mountains to continue the fight for their survival and freedom from Inca rule…

From National Geographic in 2007 (
Vast “Cloud Warrior” Ruin Found in Amazon

Kelly Hearn in Lima, Peru
for National Geographic News
January 19, 2007

Discovered in a surprising Peruvian location, a vast ruin is shedding light on an ancient civilization known for taking on the Inca Empire.

The newfound ceremonial stone structure, made public this week, was likely built by the Chachapoya Indians, a stone-and metalworking culture that thrived in Amazonian cloud forests from the 9th to the 15th century A.D.

(Related: “Tombs of Pre-Inca Elite Discovered Under Peru Pyramid” [November 27, 2006].)

The Chachapoya are known for building mountaintop citadels and leaving behind well-preserved mummies. Examples include cliff tombs near Peru’s Lake of the Condors and Huayabamba Lake (photo of a Chachapoya mummy).

Called the Warriors of the Clouds, the battle-hardened Chachapoya were famed for their stiff resistance to Inca attacks. Nevertheless, the Inca eventually overtook the Chachapoya shortly before the arrival of Spanish explorers to Peru in the 16th century.

Found by Farmers

Originally stumbled upon by a family of farmers, the structure is exceptionally large. The stepped, three-tiered, rectangular construction is about 200 feet (70 meters) long, 100 feet (35 meters) wide, and 24 feet (7 meters) high.

The ruin’s vast, impenetrable appearance prompted the farmers to call the find Huaca La Penitenciaría, or Penitentiary Ruin.

But while Penitentiary Ruin seems to have been topped by a plaza and other buildings, including a lookout tower, it was surprisingly unfortified, said Keith Muscutt, an explorer and assistant dean at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Muscutt announced the find Wednesday at an Institute for Andean Studies conference in Berkeley, California.

(See a diagram of what the structure may have looked like in its heyday.)

Explorer Keith Muscutt poses at Peru's newfound Chachapoya Indian structure, Penitentiary Ruin. The structure's vast size and location at what was once thought to be the edge of the Chachapoya range have shed new light on the Andes mountain culture. Below, a diagram depicts what the ruin may have looked like in its heyday—complete with a football-field-size plaza (a rarity among Chachapoya complexes). Photograph and illustration courtesy Keith Muscutt

Explorer Keith Muscutt poses at Peru’s newfound Chachapoya Indian structure, Penitentiary Ruin. The structure’s vast size and location at what was once thought to be the edge of the Chachapoya range have shed new light on the Andes mountain culture.
Below, a diagram depicts what the ruin may have looked like in its heyday—complete with a football-field-size plaza (a rarity among Chachapoya complexes).
Photograph and illustration courtesy Keith Muscutt

Perhaps more intriguing is the ruin’s location.

The vast, unprotected structure was built on what has been thought to be the vulnerable eastern edge of the civlization’s range—a sort of demilitarized zone between the mountain-dwelling Chachapoya and tribes of the Amazon Basin.

“It is odd that a building of this extraordinarily large size would be located on their territorial frontier and that it would not be fortified,” Muscutt said.

“It does not appear to be a military installation. And you would think that on the frontier they would be more interested in defensibility.” So, Muscutt added, Chachapoya extended farther east than experts have suspected.

“What it is showing is that we don’t really know what their territory was,” he told the Reuters news service.

“Amazing Find”

Muscutt said another oddity is that the structure doesn’t seem to be the “nucleus of a larger site.”

“You basically find a big building sitting there with nothing else in the immediate vicinity,” he said. “Ordinarily when you find a significant monument it’s usually central to a residential or administration complex. The fact it sits on its own is baffling.”

Muscutt said the penitentiary resembles only one other Chachapoya building, a structure known as Pirca Pirca.

But he added that one feature has never before been seen in a Chachapoya find: an elevated masonry plaza about the size of a football field that projects horizontally from the main building.

Muscutt added that almost no other Chachapoya structure is as large as La Penitenciaría.

Adriana von Hagen is co-director of Peru’s Leymebamba Museum in the city of Chachapoyas. She said, “It’s an amazing find that is hard to relate to anything we’ve known about the Chachapoya.”

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From Heyerdahl’s description of the two races on the Pacific islands, in his American Indians in the Pacific, page 201 (Click on this image to enlarge it for better reading!)


The following is Chapter IV “in one of the first books ever published by a Native American woman, To The American Indian; Reminiscences of a Yurok Woman by Lucy Thompson (1916), she devoted an entire chapter of her work titled: “Traditions of the Ancient White People,” where she gives vivid descriptions of the indigenous Caucasian tribe called ‘Wa-gas,’ who had inhabited the northwest region of California, south of the Oregon state border, prior to her Yurok people.” (The Yuroks:



Traditions of the Ancient White People

When the Indians first made their appearance on the Klamath River ( it was already inhabited by a white race of people known among us as the Wa-gas. These white people were found to inhabit the whole continent, and were a highly moral and civilized race. They heartily welcomed the Indians to their country and taught us all of their arts, and sciences. The Indians recognized the rights of these ancient people as the first possessors of the soil and no difficulties ever arose between the two people.

Klamath River Estuary, where the river goes into the Pacific Ocean


Their hospitality was exceedingly generous in the welfare of our people and all prospered together in peace and happiness, in their pursuit of human existence. After a time there were inter-marriages between the two races, but these were never promiscuous. For a vast period of time the two races dwelt together in peace and honored homes. Wars and quarrels were unknown in this golden age of happiness. No depredations were ever committed upon the property of their people, as the white people ruled with beacon lights of kindness, and our people still worship the hallowed places where once they trod. Their morals were far superior to the white people of today, their ideals were high and inspired our people with greatness.

After we had lived with these ancient people so long, they suddenly called their hosts together and mysteriously disappeared for a distant land, we know not where. We have no memory of their reason or cause why they abandoned their ancient homes where they had dwelt for untold centuries. Wars did not drive them forth, for we loved them more than brothers, and difficulties were unknown between the two people. On leaving they went toward the North from whence we came, and disappeared from our land beyond the northern seas. It was a sad farewell when they departed from this land, for our people mourned their loss, as no more have we found such friends as they, so true and loyal. In their farewell journey across the land they left landmarks of stone monuments, on the tops of high mountains and places commanding a view of the surrounding country. These landmarks we have kept in repair down through the ages in loving remembrance. I have seen many of these landmarks myself (and often repaired them) that they left as a symbol of the mystic ages and the grandeur of a mighty nation that passed in a single season. Oh, how little we know of the depths of the ages gone, how wide, how profound and deep is the knowledge we seek; a monument of stone, a stone bowl, a broken symbol, a hallowed unknown spot, a lodge of ruins, all this makes a golden page glittering with diamonds that trills the emotions with mysterious longings for truth and light in the depths unknown.

When the Wa-gas left this land they assured my people that they would return to them at some future time. Perchance thousands of years have elapsed since then, and they have not returned; we have waited in vain for it seems that our cherished hopes are fading. However, some of our people are still looking for the return of the white man. The traditions handed down leads us to believe that the Wa-gas returned to the land of their birth, in the far north, the valley of Cheek-cheek-alth, as they came down from the North when they came to this land.

When the Wa-gas first arrived on this continent they handed down the traditions to us that it was inhabited by a giant race of people when they first came. These giants were represented by the Wa-gas as being very swarthy in complexion, and they used implements so large that no ordinary man could lift them. It was an age when large animals roamed the earth, and it seems the birds and fowls were all very large in size. It appeared to be the first age, and was the age of the giants. The recollections transmitted by the Wa-gas were that these giants were very cruel and wicked. It was said that God became very displeased with them and destroyed them and they all perished from the earth. It was also said that God appeared to the High Priest of the Wa-gas and told them that he was going to destroy the giant race and that the Wa-gas themselves would survive upon the earth as a new people. Smaller birds and animals would appear upon the earth for the use of man, thus the age of giants perished, but the Wa-gas do not hand down any traditions of how they perished from the earth, as my people have no recollections of ever seeing giants.


My mother says that our people in ancient times have seen many relics belonging to these prehistoric giants, such as huge stone bowls, stone slabs and other implements so great that our people could not move them. During the ages of rains and wearing away of the earth, these implements have been buried so deep and have sunk into the earth, is the reason we cannot find them today. The Indian name for the giant race is Pah-pei-ene, which means people that have all died and passed away.

When the Wa-gas returned to Cheek-cheek-alth it is supposed they found a ladder in this beautiful valley which extends from earth to Heaven, and climbed it to Werse-on-now, (Heaven) where they dwell with God. All the half castes with the exception of a few went away with the Wa-gas. And nearly all those that were three quarters Indian remained with our people. This is said to be the reason why some of our people are very fair. Some of the Indians are still looking for their return to the earth, when they come back it is believed that peace and happiness will reign supreme again over this great land and all evil will be cast out.

When the present race of the white people made their first appearance upon the American continent, we believed it was the Wa-gas returning and a hearty welcome was extended to them and there was great rejoicing among our tribes. But soon the sad mistake was discovered to our sorrow, when the men began to debauch our women, give whiskey to our men and claim our land that our fore-fathers had inhabited for so many thousands of years, yet not a single family has ever been driven from their house on the Klamath river up to this day. We no longer termed them as Wa-gas, but as Ken-e-yahs, which means foreigners, who had no right to the land and could never appreciate our kindness, for they were a very different people from the Wa-gas. They had corrupt morals that brought dissolution upon our people and wrought horrors of untold havoc.

When the Indians first reached the Klamath River there were large prairies and vast tracts of grassy land, which have since grown up in timber and under-brush. Many of the prairies were set on fire and burnt off every year during the dry seasons which kept the timber from growing up very fast.


The Klamath emptied into the ocean at Wilson Creek, about six miles north of where it now goes into the ocean at Reck-woy. There were high bluffs of rocks between the river and the ocean all the way from Reck-woy to Wilson Creek, which kept the river in its course to Ah-man (Wilson creek) where it emptied into the ocean. The river was said to have kept in this course until our Christ caused the mighty rocks to split open and the waters of the river rushed ahead to the ocean at Reck-woy, where it has ever since flowed into the ocean.

The traditions handed down say that the land was north of Redwood..


More great info:

What the Holohoax is for the Germans, a lucrative guilt trip and racial pride destroyer, the “we North Americans massacred the original Indian inhabitants” lie is for us.

Solutrean truth is thus no boring ancient history, but a key to winning the modern struggle for white survival in an ever more hostile world.


1) Part-White “Indians”

This is an excellent paper from 1999. I was impressed with the illustrations of near-white Amerindians on pp-21-26. as well as the powerful conclusion. It seems very reasonable and well-written. The subsequently published info (on the Floridian whites, the Anasazi, and the Stanford and Bradley book, Across Atlantic Ice) merely back up further what this thesis proved already in 1999. But ultimately, I think, far more radical revisions will be necessary. And then we will cross into mind-bending new insights.

I suspect that in time the idea of “Atlantis” will become scientifically respectable, and the whole theme of “ancient aliens” and the Aldebaran theory as well. We may yet find that whites have genes from another world altogether, and were in the Americas a very, very, very long time ago. We may find that the Brahmins were right in saying that many White civilizations have risen and fallen, and risen again, with humanity taking many thousands of years to recover from each downfall. It starts to get frankly rather “mind-blowing,” and not everyone is ready to smash old mental habits and deep ideological grooves into which their thinking has slipped.

I might recommend this book: The author is saying a lot, especially between the lines, and it is between the lines so it can find even a semi-major publisher. In any case, it is predicated on the idea that something like Atlantis did exist and that it did go under in a vast phase of devastation, and in its own way it backs up the famous verse John 8:44!

So Whites may have been in America for eons, and also some very evil püeople who were offshoots of Atlantis (such as the vicious, massive human-sacrifice cults of Central America, as per the Mel Gibson movie “Apocalypto”) also have been here a long time. In other words, the Solutrean phase 25,000-10,000 BC may be just the tip of an iceberg of Whites in the Americas…..

2) Did a comet devastate the Solutreans in North America?

My take is that this theory is likely accurate and White numbers were so diminished by the temperature crash that THEN the Mongoloids, after they crossed over,  could finish off most of the rest.

But we know the Windover Bog, Florida people were doing fine in 5000 BC, so those who were in Florida or went there DID survive.  

In a fair fight, the Solutreans had the weaponry, creativity and valor to  prevail, but likely not if outnumbered, say, 4 to 1. Only firearms would have equaled up those odds, which we had in the second go-round. 

3) Extraordinary cruelty of the Amerindians

Here in this video (  I am discussing Massey Harbison, the 1790s western Pennsylvania mother of three who escaped the Indians with a nursing baby at her breast and went through 17  miles of thorns, valleys and swamps to get back to white civilization after her two older children were killed and scalped.

Massey fainted during both murders, especially when she saw the blood-dripping scalps on an Indian’s belt, but she picked herself up — mentally and physically — and became the only White pioneer woman who was nursing a baby to ever successfully escape the Indians. (The Injuns horribly tortured all whom they recaptured, and often ate them, yes, ATE them.) Massey went on defiantly to have eight more White children, and much of Freeport, Pennsylvania descends from her today. Norman-American and trial lawyer John DeMay wrote a recent book about how the Indians REALLY acted, and it found no major publisher. BUT I WILL PROCLAIM TRUTH ABOUT THE INDIANS. They were savages, and they were not “noble.” And it was their ancestors who had genocided the original white Solutreans in North America by sheer force of numbers, quantity over quality.


A SUPERB, gripping, politically incorrect book by John DeMay (Norman name). Scots-Irish and German settlers and rangers (forest volunteer militias) waged fierce battles here with literally cannibalistic, diabolically torturing Indians in the 1750-1790 period. These red men themselves were newcomers from the Delaware Valley back east who had been ordered to move west by the ferocious Indian empire called the Iroquois Confederacy under an Iroquois agreement with the white man.

The foundations of pioneer forts dot our western Pennsylvania area, and farmhouses burnt by Delaware Indians. Delaware and Seneca would roast and eat white children before their captured mothers, or tie white soldiers with a long rope to a central stake and chase them round and round with burning pikes, then scalp them and pour glowing red coals on their skinless skulls, while eating their cut-off ears and fingers. Ah, the noble red man of liberal fame, as in the movie “Dancing With Wolves” by the crypto-Jew Kevin Costner.

This is also what they did to each other, BTW, for days on end — torture festivals. The next day, the same Indians would ask to smoke the peace pipe with the Americans, and give flowery, cynical speeches about interracial peace – that would “last in brotherhood as long as the grass grows and the rivers flow” — quite in the manner of Barack Obama. The Indians promised “hope” and “change” every time they met with the White man — until they again went on the warpath.

…..JdN on Internet radio re Solutreans (Columbus Day Special with John de Nugent (Oct. 14, 2013 — host Christopher Borsella)

…..Amerindians and Neanderthals

As my essay here ( proved, the “semitic” look comes from neanderthal genes, and this look is also found in certain Aztecs and Mayas.

The famous “Indian Head Nickel” of 1935-55 showed an Indian with clear semitic-neanderthalic features, far more than East Asian.


Related article from 2012: Science Proves Caucasian Solutreans First Inhabitants of the New World

WW~Addendum –

On the APIRU, I did a rudimentary search on whether they were the ancestors of the eventual Hebrews or today’s Jews, however, I did not find conclusive evidence of this alleged fact per ‘de Nugent’s article.  The Apiru were also associated or more likely confused with another similiar group known as the ‘Habiru’ as noted in several other documents on the internet. 

According to the – Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt: The term ‘Apiru has been the subject of wide discussion and speculation. It occurs in both Syria and Mesopotamia as a general term applied to soldiers, mercenaries, raiders, captives and slaves; there is also general acceptance that it can be identified with the Habiru (Hapiru who are mentioned in the Amarna Letters) as a general term for ‘bandits’ or ‘outcasts’, but with no reference to a specific ethnic group.

In a stela which dates to the reign of *Ramesses II, there is a reference to the building of a city bearing the king’s name in which the ‘Apiru are employed as labourers; at one time, it was speculated that these people should be identified with the Hebrews of the Old Testament who were engaged in building works immediately before the Exodus. The identification of the ‘Apiru with the Hebrews is not now widely accepted, and in the Egyptian texts, the term is probably used as a general reference to the *Asiatic prisoners who were employed in the state building and quarrying projects. The word may be derived from the Egyptian verb ‘hpr’ which meant ‘to bind’ or ‘to make captive’.
BIBL. Wilson, J.A. The ‘Eperu of the Egyptian inscriptions. AJSL 49 (1932-3) pp 275 ff.; Bottero, J. (Ed.) Le Probleme des Habiru. Paris: 1954; Greenberg, M. The Hab/piru. New Haven: 1955.


WW~Notes: An alternative view from “U-NO-HU”


Ancient Egyptian Literature (1470 B.C.E. – 1140 B.C.E.)

Ancient Egyptian literature bears mention of a specific group of people designated as PR.W. This is pronounced, “Apiru.”  Scholars were quick to notice the similarity in the word Apiru, with Habiru, and in turn, Hebrew.

Indeed, the word Apiru oftentimes refers to a similar type of people as Habiru. Apiru in the Egyptian texts are often depicted in manual labor, a parallel of the Hebrews in ancient Egyptian history.

Scholars agree that the PR.W finds its Akkadian equivalent in the Hapiru. The reference in ancient Egyptian literature has been proven to simply be a different designation for the same group of people.

A scene from the tomb of an Egyptian woman dating from 1470 B.C.E. depicts a group of men working at a winepress. The caption of the scene reads;

“Straining out wine by the Apiru.”

The date of this scene puts it during the reign of Hatshepsut, and Thutmose III. It is noteworthy this scene depicts foreigners doing manual labor in Egypt.

From these references, it would appear the ancient Egyptian economy relied heavily on the menial labor tasks assigned the Apiru.

Scholars have identified this as a similar trait to the Hebrews in Egypt.

Another document has been found dating from 1440 B.C.E. This document, also from the reign of Thutmose III, is from the Pharaoh’s general, General Toth, and speaks of the conquest of Joppa. The General asks that the horses of he and his men be taken inside the city, lest they be stolen by “passing Apir“.

The phrase, “passing Apir” implies a migrating band, certainly not out of character based on numerous previous references. Linguists take notice of the word used as “Apir“, without the typical -u ending.

Apir, in this sense, is closely related to Iber/Eber, thus a linguistic similarity can be made between the Apiru/Habiru, and the Hebrew.

The Ipuwer Papyrus, which spoke of natural disasters in Egypt similar to those of the Ten Plagues in Exodus.


Tell Amarna Tablets


An ancient stone tablet of the book of Enoch.


An ancient clay tablet from the book of Enoch.


The linguistic similarity here, as well as the common depictions of the Apiru involved in manual labor, is compelling evidence these people could have been the Hebrews during their stay in Egypt.

Oftentimes in antiquity, if a ruler wanted to memorialize a battle, or victory, or a eulogy on a headstone, they would erect stone or granite slabs with inscriptions on them. These slabs were called steles. Much knowledge of ancient Egyptian literature and history has been gleamed from these engravings.

Such inscriptions from the reign of Amenhotep II have been found on a stele in Memphis. The stele dates from 1420 B.C.E. It is a list of spoils from his Syrian campaign. Apiru are mentioned as being taken captive and brought back to Egypt.

“List of the plunder which his majesty carried off. Princes of Retenu (Syria): 127Brothers of princes: 179Apiru: 3600Shasu (Bedouin): 16,200Khuru (Hurrians) : 26,300 Neges (Nuhashians): 15,070″

Some scholars have pointed out the list descends in social order, from highest class to lowest class. The Apir seem to represent some form of middle class in this hierarchy. They rank below royalty, yet above the remaining people. This is yet another example of a unique quality attributed to the Apiru/Habiru.

The Israel Stele, or Merneptah Stele, was inscribed during the reign of ancient Egyptian King Merneptah (1213 to 1203 BC)

A particularly interesting stele is found in Beth-shan, the work of Set I during a campaign in Palestine around 1300 B.C.E. The stele speaks of a military engagement amongst local tribes. It dates from the time of the Amarna letters, and speaks of similar circumstances.

“This day, then, one came to tell his majesty that the Apiru of Mt. Yarmut, together with the Tayaru…are engaged in attacking the Asiatic nomads of Ruhma.”

The Apiru, thus, were engaged in open warfare in the hill country of Canaan. Dating from the same period, the Amarna letters speak of Habiru attackers raiding towns, and sometimes seizing control of cities, throughout the whole of Canaan.

One Egyptian vassal was said to have handed Shechem over to the Habiru. Shechem is one of the major cities located in the hill country. Shechem and Jerusalem were the two earliest capitals of Israel.

A parallel situation is described in the Old Testament books of Joshua and Judges, though the dates of these books are in dispute.

Some scholars place the events described in the the two books to the same time as the Amaran letters. In essence, this time period is thought to belong to the conquest of Canaan by the tribes of Israel, under the leadership of Joshua.

Many scholars claim an outside source from ancient Egyptian literature has been found that may be an eyewitness account of the Exodus, through the eyes of an Egyptian. Regardless, the Habiru/Apiru, and the Hebrews, were a steady presence in Egypt at various stages in her history.

The Apiru in the hill country parallel the situation the Amarna Letters present. Some scholars have argued these two references from different sources indicate Egypt’s control was waning during these years.

However, the more likely scenario is the Habiru presence was more of a direct threat to local city-state vassals in Canaan, and less of a concern for the Egyptian court.

The Apiru, thus, were engaged in manual labor in one text, and warfare in Canaan in the other.



From an inscription dating from the reign of Seti I, a number of Apiru men are taken captive, and shipped back to Egypt. This is significant in that the son of Seti I, Ramses II, is the most likely candidate to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus.

Apiru were in existence for a stretch of at least three hundred years in Egypt. It is evident slaves were regularly shipped back to Egypt, thus, at some point the slave population would indeed grow to be quite numerous.


The Ipuwer Papyrus (1250 B.C.)

In the early 1800’s a remarkable discovery in the field of ancient Egyptian literature was made. A collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus scrolls were unearthed.

One papyrus in particular was interesting. This scroll dated from the reign of Ramses II, around 1250 B.C.E. A papyrus known as the Ipuwer Papyrus, or officially, Admonitions of an Egyptian from a hieratic papyrus in Leiden, is the sole existing copy of an earlier manuscript. The original work’s antiquity is debated, but many believe it dates from between 1800 – -1650 B.C.E.

The Ipuwar Papyrus describes an Egypt in total chaos


The Ipuwer Papyrus is an Egyptian poem written by an Egyptian named Ipuwer. This poem describes an Egyptian Empire in a state of total chaos. Natural disasters have crushed the Egyptian spirit. Famines and plagues are said to have taken the lives of many people. One statement makes mention of a, “..River of blood…”. One major cause for the upheaval is the servants have rebelled openly, and are leaving the land.

Many passages from this papyrus mirror the Exodus account of the plagues and Israelites exit from Egypt. The obvious assumption made by many was this account represented outside evidence supporting the Exodus of the Hebrews out of Egypt, and the plagues that accompanied Moses and his dealings with Pharaoh. Many feel this is an eyewitness account of the event, through the eyes of Ipuwer.

Study Resource

A World UpturnedRoland Enmarch dissects the Ipuwer Papyrus in his book, A World Upturned: Commentary on and Analysis of the Dialogue of Ipuwer and the Lord of All. This remarkable document may provide an Egyptian eyewitness account of the Biblical plagues and Exodus out of Egypt! Click on the link below to re-direct to

Egyptologists, not surprisingly, were quick to down play such theories In any case, a reference to the Apiru was found amongst the papyrus’. The Apiru, thus, have drawn close parallels to the Hebrews.

“Issue grain to the men of the army and to the Apiru who draw stone for the great pylon of Ramses II”

The Apiru are being used as quarry men and manual laborers. Such tasks were typically reserved for the slave population of Egypt. Two more references to the Apiru are found in ancient Egyptian literature, whereas after 1000 B.C.E. no more references can be traced.

One of these references from ancient Egyptian literature has been dated from 1170 – 1160 B.C.E., the reign of Ramses III. A list of goods are said to have been dedicated by the Pharaoh to the temple of Atum, including “Apiru“.

The last reference dates to 1140 B.C.E. The document is from Ramses IV, and is a a list of men sent to the quarry in Wadi-Hammamat. Among the men sent are, “800 Apiru“.

These references from ancient Egyptian literature show a class of people attempting to sustain themselves by any means necessary.

They are often engaged in tasks reserved for slaves, yet, they are not called slaves in any of the literature. Instead, they appear a notch above the local Bedouin, and other fringe groups. There are many similarities between them and the Hebrews of the Old Testament.

They are engaged in manual labor at all levels of society, from making wine to working in the quarry. They are engaged in military affairs, both in the service of Egypt, and as a separate group waging its own war in the hill country. The Apiru continue to be a diverse group of people.

In conclusion, ancient Egyptian literature dealt with the Apiru/Habiru on multiple levels; from the various papyrus scrolls discovered, covering the whole of ancient Egyptian literature, to the specific and frequent mention in the Amarna Letters, ancient Egypt interacted frequently, and intimately with the Apiru/Habiru.

This is yet another connection to the Hebrews, who also shared an intimate history with ancient Egypt.

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