Science Advisor and former thorn in NASA’s side, Richard C. Hoagland, appeared last night on Coast to Coast AM with George Noory to discuss this week’s scheduled start-up of CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.
Hoagland commented that scientists seeking to recreate the conditions seconds after the original Big Bang-like event on an atomic level at CERN are arrogant regarding the infallibility of their calculations–according to a fellow colleague of Hoagland’s it is possible that the experiment will produce a giant quark which could unleash a mini-black hole deep in the center of the planet placing humanity at risk, although, we wouldn’t see the effects until approximately four years.
A number of other scientists are just as concerned as Hoagland, and a former nuclear safety officer Walter Wagner also a nuclear physicist and lawyer is so disturbed that he filed a lawsuit in March 2008 requesting a new safety review due to “doomsday scenarios of micro black holes and strangelets” he thinks might result once the collider starts up, yet, the scientific community dismiss Wagner’s fears as “beyond reasonable.” CERN Scientists state their experiment is safe during August.
LHC Facts blog states: To date, Dr. Otto E. Rössler is the most notable scientist to have the courage to speak out about the potential dangers of running the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Here is Dr. Rössler’s plea to the world:
A Rational, Moral and Spiritual Dilemma
by Otto E. Rossler, Division of Theoretical Chemistry, University of Tubingen, F.R.G.
Abstract. A nightmarish situation, that can still be hoped to be averted in time through communication within the scientific community, is drawn attention to. Only a few weeks remain to find out whether the danger is real or nothing but a mirage. After this time window is closed, it will take years until we know whether or not we are doomed. The story line has all the features of a best-selling novel. The reader is asked to contribute constructively.
A surreal situation is described as being present: the greatest conceivable danger – the end of both history and future. This author still stands almost alone with a few hard results that completely change the status of a currently running public endeavor. What can and must rationally be done in what order?
The most economic way would be to find out where the error lies in the perceived new danger. Since time is running out, the help of other scientists needs to be solicited. This proves not easy. The two major science journals refuse to publish but equally steadfastly refuse to give a scientific reason for their verdict. The unwillingness of the scientific community to falsify the danger takes the public hostage. This remains true even if the whole danger is only a mirage. To publicize the danger because time is running out is a big decision. The legal term for doing something like this is “instigation of irrational panic.“ Can anyone take this on his or her shoulders?
Most likely, of course, the silent scientific establishment is well-advised to ignore the danger. Nevertheless a younger-generation Nobel laureate in physics recently suggested I should go on – even CERN would profit from the publicity. But at the expense of many ordinary citizens being unnecessarily scared to death, I added.
All I suggest to do is to convene an independent safety conference within the remaining four to ten weeks time. This is very little to ask, but exactly this bit is being refused. Why? It looks as if my scientific proposals are so far-off that anyone who ever had a physics course grasps this immediately while everyone else is deeply impressed by the arguments. Or is this just a crime story made up to boost the publishing rights of an unnamed person?
The Rational Dilemma
The scenario looks unbelievable enough: that a prestigious group of ten thousand mostly young and enthusiastic scientists should unwittingly prepare the greatest conceivable risk to the planet. Both “Trinity“ and “Eniwetak“ – the two previous Russian-roulette feats of our species – would be dwarfed by this third instance, without the protagonists‘ noticing.
You will have realized by now that I do not have a 100-percent proof to offer – just probabilities. The latter can be summed up in 7 points. Those points I have put into the Appendix for conciseness. Here let me at last say what we are talking about. The experiment in question is called the LHC (“Large Hadron Collider“) and is the most expensive and prestigious non-military scientific endeavor ever. Hadrons (protons) are to be hauled against each other at 14 times the power of the previous generation of accelerators and 7 times the maximum energy ever achieved (2.000 Giga-electron-Volts).
The experiment at CERN is completely normal science as far as an understanding of every single element is concerned. Only the implications are unusual here since an unexplained natural threshold (called the electro-weak unification barrier) will be surpassed for the first time. This excites string theorists – perhaps the most sophisticated brand of theoretical physicists – since they have a way to predict that even these minuscule energies (compared to the Planck energy thought necessary before) will be sufficient. Mini black-holes could then arise for the first time in history.
Now my group has discovered that black holes possess a new property (lack of evaporation). The two possibilities – that string theorists are right and that we are right – taken together make for a volatile mixture. In such a case it is the most rational thing for the world to convene a scientific conference to discuss the joint implications before the experiment is allowed to become overcritical.
If this plea is heeded, everything is going to be alright. For we will then all know how the leading experts of the world sum up both their mutual consensus and their currently unresolvable dissent. In either case everyone will see clearly what is the most reasonable response to take. Since rationality will be back, no dilemma will remain.
This statement concludes the rational dimension. What about the two other dimensions?
The Moral Dilemma
This second aspect arises because of the following fact: If anyone points out the rational danger, he or she cannot possibly know what this information will entail in the longer run. People could be misled into panicking, for example. But only if the experiment becomes overcritical before a scientific consensus has been achieved (our current situation unless a miracle happens). Or else after it has been done with the dreaded outcome so that the catastrophe takes its course.
Unexpectedly, there exists a third dismal possibility: that the experiment proceeds and no mini black holes are found. This profoundly distinguishes the present situation from Trinity and Eniwetak (the first atomic fission and fusion explosions which fortunately did not engage the atmosphere). While the probability of a dismal outcome is perhaps no greater this time than it was in the previous instances (“1 percent“), it will not be possible to return to business as usual after the event, this time around: the danger will not be over once the scientists declare that their attempt to produce mini black holes has failed since they found no trace of them. For if mini black holes do not evaporate as predicted, they also leave no decipherable sign of their existence – at first. So a negative and a positive outcome are indistinguishable.
This difference to its predecessors makes the current experiment a guaranteed success: at causing an unprecedented amount of human suffering. For there will be no way to explain to anyone that he or she is safe nor to apologize for the suffering to expect. The rational fear unavoidably caused can only be made to go away by convening a post-facto scientific world conference that proclaims absolute safety. Unfortunately, every scientist who would not agree with this preassigned verdict would act irresponsibly. Since this will be obvious, no one would ever again believe a single word from a scientist. Anti-scientific fundamentalism would have won – even if the experiment proves innocuous in hindsight.
Hysterical irrational responses from the part of the up-until-now uninformed majority of persons and countries on the planet would be preprogrammed for years to come. This medieval angst is a danger almost as great as the experiment itself. No one will be astonished in retrospect that 10,000 scientifically trained minds were unable to anticipate this predictable consequence since this rational deduction belongs, not to the realm of the natural sciences, but rather to that of the humanities and arts. The oversight would nonetheless not be forgiven. This second catastrophe can only be avoided through rapid action – the very safety conference already proposed above.
The Spiritual Dilemma
The third dilemma is the most disturbing, perhaps. The experiment started operation on April the first 2008 (end of the official countdown) and is currently in the process of being booted-up in a step-by-step manner to reach a planned 70 percent performance level this summer: 10,000 GeV (or five times beyond the threshold of danger). Suppose for a moment that this way of proceeding took place, not today but at any earlier time in history. Spiritual questions would then inevitably have posed themselves.
Today, even thinking of this possibility (“sin“?) sounds crazy. Indeed, no spiritual world leader – pope, emperor, helmsman – was or is ready to speak up on behalf of their worldly and spiritual constituencies despite the fact that they were informed in time. Why is this so?
There is an intelligible reason for this third phenomenon, too: It is nothing but probabilities that are at stake here. To decide on such matters is traditionally entrusted to the military – this is what they have been hired to deal with in the first place: sandbox games. Only Gorbachev and Raissa deviated from this preformed path once. Their example illustrates the danger we are presently in: They realized that the equilibrium of deterrence implied a remaining finite risk of bilateral annihilation, but no one currently appreciates their decision. This shows in a nutshell that humankind is no longer able even to notice when it is rescued: Kindynagnosia – the inability to recognize danger – is a collective disturbance caused by mental synchronization. Human beings are still, or once again are, the proverbial lambs of the spiritual. Who would not love them for their innocence?
An Enlightened Response Is Called For
The spiritual dimension goes still farther. Everyone knows today that for the first time in history we possess the tools to do away with the cruelest inequalities on the planet. The computer and the Internet have made this miracle possible: Work done once can be multiplied and transported free of charge. Information has become cost-free. Nevertheless project Lampsacus remains unknown for 14 years (Google and Wikipedia which implement elements of it notwithstanding). In a historical parallel, the
computer-facilitated medical revolution is increasingly withheld from the less well-to-do public even in privileged countries while student fees are re-imposed in defiance of a UNO decision without protest. No one seems to feel his own human rights any more and hence also not those of his neighbor. The notion of cruelty – something that must never happen in the universe – has slipped from public consciousness. Most everybody agrees that someone who rescues people from drowning (like Elias Bierdel) is a “Schlepper.“
If the notion of dignity (for what is killed by cruelty is dignity) has miraculously slipped from public consciousness: why should anyone be expected to stand up for the future of his neighbor’s children since his own children and their future are no longer on his mind? Showing love is almost a taboo topic. But it is the young child – the toddler – who invents benevolence out of nothing because no one in the cosmos is wiser or greater. Possessing benevolence and being a person are one and the same thing.
Make the test and ask your child whether the LHC emperor has any clothes on. He/she will ask you back to explain what you mean since Hans-Christian Andersen is no longer well known. The returned question will enable you to tell the truth: “Darling, no one seems to know for sure – only after a scientific conference will anyone be able to say.“ Then your child will ask you what you did to make this conference happen. Will you reply: “Darling, I am not a scientist“?
To conclude, I ask you to forgive me for stirring up your waking day. Buddha would do the same thing (now I am crazy!) and Jacob and Martin Luther. Notwithstanding the fact that most hopefully – knock on wood – the danger does not exist. The Appendix demonstrates that we still can find out in time. A petition inviting every parent to sign is on the Internet (just google “Honey, I shrunk the earth!“).
Kensei Hiwaki, George Lasker and Hugh Gash encouraged me to write this paper. I thank Gottfried Mayer for his early criticism and Artur Schmidt, Joachim Frank, Andy Hilgartner, Roland Maurmair, Wolfgang Fedyszin, Gabriele Schröter, Heino Breilmann, Enrico Pellegrino, Michael Langer, Frank Kuske and Dieter Fröhlich for discussions. For J.O.R.
Seven Reasons for Demanding an LHC Safety Conference
1) Black holes cannot evaporate because their horizon is effectively infinitely far away in spacetime according to a new theorem in the Schwarzschild metric (“Â-theorem“) .
2) Black holes are effectively uncharged because of the Â-theorem . Therefore, charged elementary particles cannot at the same time be black holes (or point-shaped). Hence nonpointshaped mini-objects exist already. This makes mini black holes much more likely.
3) Mini black holes grow exponentially rather than linearly inside the earth: “miniquasar principle“ . Hence the time needed by a resident mini black hole to eat the earth is maximally shortened – perhaps down to “50 months.“ This contrasts with the “50 million years“ obtained assuming linear growth by BBC-Horizon  and CERN’s analogous “5 billion years“ .
4) CERN [4,5] counters that if the hoped-for mini black holes are stable as claimed , equal stable particles must arise naturally by ultra-fast cosmic-ray protons colliding with planetbound protons. This is correct. However, there remains a fundamental difference: only the man-made ones are “symmetrically generated“ and hence dangerous. For they alone are slow enough with respect to the earth that one of them (at less than 11 km/sec) can take residence – in contrast to the almost-luminal speeds of their natural cousins.
5) CERN‘s counterargument could still hold true for more compact celestial bodies than the earth – such that their lifetimes would be drastically reduced in defiance of observation if mini black holes exist. A quantitative bound can be derived from this argument: Take white dwarfs first. They are 105 times denser than earth while being the same size. Hence their cross-section for a mini black hole passing-through is by a factor of 105 greater than earth‘s. They remain safe if no more than 104 eating-type collisions with a quark await a fast natural mini black hole entering them (so it can pass through). Why? Because the energy of 14.000 GeV pumped into two colliding protons at CERN is 14.000 times the rest mass of a proton (1 GeV). Therefore a mini black hole born of two quarks (one from each proton) likewise has about 14,000 times the rest mass of a quark. Hence by momentum conservation, only about 14,000 (104) collisions with a resident quark can be survived by a fast natural mini black hole of the LHC energy without losing its almost-luminal speed. If this bound applies to white dwarfs, no more than about 0.1 collisions must await a CERN mini black hole on its first passage through the earth. This estimate appears plausible.
6) The just-obtained number presupposes that the nonlinear growth process of point (3) is inapplicable if very dense matter is passed through at almost-luminal speeds. The by very many orders of magnitude shorter collision intervals let this prediction appear justified.
7) Finally, neutron stars have a by another factor of 109 greater density than white dwarfs. Since they are a thousand times smaller, they are a million times more susceptible. But they are protected by quantum coherence effects of the superfluidity type: so mini black holes can pass without friction. The superfluidity extends to the “inner crust“ .
In order to exclude that man-made mini black holes endanger the earth, it will be necessary to falsify the first of the 7 points, or if this is not possible the second, and so forth. Until this task has been solved, no one can shoulder the responsibility to give the “green light“ to the LHC‘s crossing the 2.000 GeV barrier, as this is currently planned to do within a few weeks. It thus appears that only an immediate safety conference can save the LHC experiment.
 O.E. Rossler, “Abraham-like return to constant c in general relativity: Â-theorem derived in Schwarzschild metric.“ Chaos, Solitons and Fractals (in press). Preprint on: www.wissensnavigator.com/documents/ottoroesslerminiblackhole.pdf
 O.E. Rossler, “Abraham-solution to Schwarzschild metric implies that CERN miniblack holes pose a planetary risk“ (submitted on September 27, 2007). Also on the above URL.
 M. Mangano, in: interview with Michael Liebe, golem.de (in German), www.golem.de/0802157477.html
[5[ R. Landua, in: interview with Andreas Séché, pm-magazin.de (in German), www.youtube.com/watch?v=_TjYobXKebM
 G. Colò, “A microscopic quantal calculation of the superfluidity of the inner crust of neutron stars“ (Abstract). www.mi.infn.it/~colo/TRENTO/Abstracts/gori.txt.
Professor Rossler’s explains the Rational and Moral and Spiritual Dilemma that the Large Hadron Collider poses in his June 25, 2008 interview 20 minuten News interview “Biggest crimes of humanity”
Professor Rossler theorizes that Hawking Radiation is not possible and micro black holes could become charged and grow exponentially. Dr. Rossler is also due to meet Swiss president Pascal Couchepin in mid August to discuss these concerns.
Update: Dr. Rössler’s interview with science journalist Alan Gillis, Scientific Blogging, August 12, 2008
Update: Nuclear Physicist and Attorney Walter L. Wagner Interview on CoastToCoastAM.com, August 3, 2008
Legal papers filed by by plaintiffs in the legal action currently before US Federal Court in Hawaii is available at the LHCDefense.org Legal Room.
Boyle, Alan (March 27, 2008). “Doomsday Fears Spark Lawsuit“. Cosmic Log. msnbc.
“Perhaps cosmic-ray collisions really are creating tiny black holes or strangelets, but those little bits of doomsday zip by too fast to cause any trouble. In the LHC, they say, the bad stuff could hang around long enough to be captured by Earth’s gravity and set off a catastrophe”
(These references are now part of the Wikipedia article Safety of the Large Hadron Collider)
Abstract Conclusion: In approximately 48 hours, the unfathomable atomic forces that might be unleashed into Earth and the universe from the Large Hadron Collider could possibly be the Doomsday event of 2012 that the Mayans predicted in their infamous calendar. Remember Richard C. Hoagland’s prediction that definitive results from the start-up of the LHC will not be known until four years from now? 2012 is only four years away. With no apparent oversight or regard for the only valid existence of life anywhere in the universe, these scientists are “playing God” to our peril and mutual destruction. WW~